A Finnish-Estonian Cooperation

In Estonia and Finland, there is a demand for knowledge about the optimal wetland design, construction and, in particular, management. For water protection purposes the wetlands ought to be of large size. Yet, most of the potential wetland sites are rather small. Therefore, the project will concentrate especially in improving the functioning of small-sized wetlands, allowing better nutrient retention - and thus developing better means for fighting eutrophication. 

In addition to on-site testing, the project will also further conduct catchment level modeling to estimate the cost-efficiency of the tested active measures in retaining eutrofying nutrients escaped from agriculture. Derived from the results, the project can conclude ways how to include agricultural wetlands and their active measures in the current water management policies, including the agri-environmental subsidies scheme.

An important part of the project is to raise general awareness of the benefits of agricultural wetlands, especially in Estonia, where such benefits are not widely recognized.

The Active Wetlands Project will work with farmers, agricultural stakeholders, rural advisers and decision-makers. The partnership of Active Wetlands Project consists of six partners in Finland and Estonia, each of them expert in their own field: agriculture, research, monitoring, environmental protection and working with decision-makers.

The project kicked off in November 2009 and will last for 3 years. In May 2011 there are four pilot sites constructed in Finland and one site near Tarto in Estonia, by the Estonian University of Life Sciences. Some results can be expected in autumn 2011. More sites are also planned to be constructed.



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